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Termination of land property right in Ukraine

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The grounds for termination of land property right are the following:

a)  voluntary waiver of an owner of the interest in land;

Waiver procedure includes:

  • obtainment of consent of the state executive and local government authorities to take ground areas into ownership;
  • drafting and conclusion of an agreement on transfer of a ground area into state or municipality ownership;
  • certification of concluded agreement by a notary and the state registration thereof.

b) death of land owner in the absence of heirs;

c) disposal of a ground area according to a decision of an owner;

d) collection of a ground area on demand of a creditor;

e) disposal of a ground area on grounds of social necessity and for social needs;

f ) seizure of property under the court’s decision;

g) non-disposal of ground areas by  foreign and  stateless persons within the designated period of  time  in cases provided by  the  legislation of Ukraine.

The grounds for termination of land usage right are the following:

a) voluntary waiver of land usage right;

The  mechanism  for  voluntary  waiver  of  permanent  land  usage  right  is provided  by  article  142  of  the Land Code  of Ukraine. As  regards  land lease right, according to article 31 of the Law of Ukraine on Land Lease, land  lease contract, as a rule, can be dissolved only as a result of consent of parties. At  the request of one of  the parties,  land  lease contract can be dissolved under the court’s decision, according to the grounds provided by the law (in concrete article 32 of the Law of Ukraine on Land Lease) or a contract. The law establishes special rules of termination of land servitude, emphyteusis and superficies rights (articles 102, 1021 of the Land Code of Ukraine);

b) seizure of a ground area in cases provided by the Land Code of Ukraine (article 149 of the Land Code of Ukraine);

c) termination  of  activity  of  religious  organizations,  state  or municipal companies, institutions and organizations;

d) usage  of  a  ground  area  in  a manner  that  contradicts  environmental requirements;

e) usage of a ground area against a purpose thereof;

f ) regular non-payment of the land tax and lease payment;

Regular non-payment of the land tax can become a ground for coercive termination  of  the  permanent  land  usage  right  through  judicial procedure;  regular  non-payment  of  a  lease  payment  can  become  a ground for termination of the tenant right;

g)  acquisition by other person of the property right to a house, building or installation, located thereof;

h)   usage  of  a  ground  area  in  a manner  that  contradicts  the  cultural heritage requirements.


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